Policing elections index

Core principles and legislation

1 Core principles

2 Legal framework

2.1 Table of relevant RPA 1983 offences

2.2 Other relevant statutory and common law offences

2.2.1 Perjury Act 1911

2.2.2 Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981

2.2.3 Common law

2.2.4 The Human Rights Act 1998

Key roles and planning

1 Key roles

1.1 Force election single point of contact

1.2 Commanders

1.3 Neighbourhood inspectors

1.4 Neighbourhood policing teams

1.5 Senior investigating officer

1.6 Electoral registration officer

1.7 Returning officer

1.8 Electoral services manager

1.9 Electoral Commission

1.10 Crown Prosecution Service

2 Command and planning considerations

2.1 Threat assessment

2.2 Election-day considerations

3 Partnership working

3.1 Partners

3.2 Pre-election planning

3.3 Memorandum of understanding

3.4 Recommended timetable of events for a May election

4 Communication

5 Impartiality

6 Communication strategy

6.1 Candidates and campaigners

6.2 Communities

6.3 Media

7 Post election

7.1 Post-election debrief

7.2 Organisational learning

Investigating electoral malpractice

1 Key principles

2 Prioritisation criteria for investigating electoral malpractice allegations

2.1 Urgency

2.2 Seriousness of the allegation

2.3 Complexity of the allegation

2.4 Size of the investigation

3 Managing multiple investigations and allegations

3.1 Managing material

3.2 Investigation strategy

4 Electoral malpractice offences

4.1 Imprints

4.1.1 Rules on imprints

4.1.2 How to position an imprint

4.1.3 Enforcing imprint rules

4.1.4 Local imprint rules section 110 RPA 1983

4.1.5 General imprint rules (PPERA)

4.1.6 Differentiating between the local and general imprint rules

4.1.7 Offences relating to election spending or donations

4.1.8 Investigating imprint allegations

4.1.9 Police response to an allegation of a breach of imprint rules

4.1.10 Advice letter

4.2 False statement of fact as to candidate

4.2.1 Investigating an allegation of false statement of fact in relation to a candidate

4.2.2 Police response

4.3 False registration information

4.3.1 Voter eligibility

4.3.2 Investigating false registration information

4.3.3 Evidence gathering (false registration information)

4.3.4 Secondary sources of evidence

4.3.5 False application to vote by post or proxy

4.3.6 Eligibility for a postal vote

4.3.7 Eligibility for a vote by proxy

4.3.8 Investigating false application to vote by post or by proxy

4.3.9 Evidence gathering (false application to vote by post or by proxy)

4.3.10 Police response

4.4 Personation

4.4.1 Investigation of personation

4.4.2 Witness statements

4.4.3 Evidence gathering (personation)

4.4.4 Personation by proxy or postal vote

4.5 False statement in nomination paper

4.5.1 Qualification for nomination

4.5.2 False details on a nomination paper

4.5.3 Investigating a false statement in a nomination paper

4.5.4 Investigating the validity of an assentor’s signature

4.5.5 Investigating the validity of the address of the candidate

4.6 Bribery

4.7 Treating

4.7.1 Investigating an allegation of treating

4.8 Undue influence

4.8.1 Investigating undue influence

4.8.2 Timing of the investigation

5 Evidence handling

5.1 Protecting and preserving evidence

5.2 Original documentation should be retained

6 Policy management

7 Identifying witnesses

8 Unsubstantiated third-party allegations

9 Exit strategy

Linked reference material