Detention and custody index

Custody management and planning

1 Legal framework
2 Principles of safer detention
3 Information sharing in custody
4 Senior management considerations
5 Health and safety
6 Designation of a police station
7 Human resources and training
7.1 Police resources
7.2 Custody resources
7.3 Custody officer
7.4 Staff responsibilities
8 Healthcare models
9 Healthcare professionals
10 Contractual arrangements for contract staff
10.1 Police Reform Act 2002
10.2 Service standards
11 Independent custody visitors
12 Training and learning
12.1 Custody training checklist
12.2 Contracted staff training
12.3 Refresher training
12.4 Personal safety training
12.5 Equality Act 2010
12.6 First-aid training
12.7 First aid training for contracted staff
12.8 Health and safety training
12.9 Cleaning
12.10 Food hygiene certification
13 Contingency planning
13.1 Evacuation
13.2 Fire safety
13.2.1 Further fire safety advice
13.2.2 Inadequate ventilation systems

Response, arrest and detention

1 Response
1.1 Vulnerability
1.1.1 Initial response risk assessment
1.2 Police approach and decision making
1.2.1 Conflict management
1.2.2 Lawful arrest
1.2.3 De-arrest
1.2.4 Hospital
1.2.5 Street bail
1.2.6 Alcohol treatment centres
2 Arrival at the station
2.1 Violent detainees
2.2 Vulnerable detainees
3 Booking into custody
3.1 Placement of detainees
3.1.1 Custody capacity
3.1.2 When a detainee cannot be detained
3.2 Necessity to detain
3.2.1 Multi-occupancy
3.2.2 Joint risk assessment
3.3 Detention not authorised
4 Fitness for detention
4.1 Medical attention
4.1.1 Health and any injuries
4.1.2 Actions
4.2 Welfare and safety of others
5 Rights and entitlements
5.1 Persons attending a police station voluntarily who are not arrested
5.2 Exemptions for the debriefing of offenders assisting investigations and prosecutions under the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005
6 The custody record
7 Fit to be interviewed
7.1 Considerations for decision making (urgent interviews)
7.2 Record the decision
8 Pre-charge bail management

Moving and transporting detainees

1 Supervision and escort
1.1 Designated escort officers
1.2 Prisoner escort and custody services
2 Safe movement of detainees
2.1 Checklist: risk assessment for restraint and escort
2.2 Transfer of high-risk detainees
2.3 Medical emergencies during transport
2.4 Transfer of the PER form
3 Control measures for detainees in transit
3.1 Seat belts
3.2 Cages and containment
4 Fleet management
4.1 Vehicle selection
4.2 Inspection of vehicles

Risk assessment

1 Assessment and monitoring
1.1 Recording information
1.1.1 Content of risk assessments
1.2 Responsibility for risk management
1.2.1 Checklist: assessing detainees
2 Information sources
2.1 Police national computer
2.2 Police national database
2.3 Violent offender and sex offender register
2.4 Foreign nationals
2.5 Person escort record form
2.5.1 PER form requirements
2.5.2 Managing an ‘at risk’ detainee from a prison or young offender institution
3 Condition of the detainee
3.1 Vulnerable detainees
3.2 ‘Do not resuscitate’ orders and ‘do not attempt resuscitation’ orders
3.3 Detainees requiring urgent medical attention
3.4 Symptoms or behaviours
3.5 Risk of suicide and self-harm
3.5.1 Self-harm
3.6 Potentially violent individuals
3.7 Acute behavioural disturbance
3.7.1 Excited delirium
3.7.2 Restraining a person with excited delirium
3.8 Pre-existing medical conditions
3.9 Claustrophobia
3.9.1 Dealing with claustrophobia
3.10 Head injuries
3.10.1 Responsibilities of custody officers
3.11 Infectious and communicable diseases
3.11.1 Procedures needed to manage potential risk
3.11.2 Cleaning cells
3.11.3 Common communicable diseases
4 Release from custody
4.1 Risk of self-harm and suicide after release
4.2 Transfer of detention
4.2.1 Restraining a detainee
4.2.2 Multiple detainees
4.2.3 Checklist: transfer of detention

Control, restraint and searches

1 Principles of using force in custody
2 Information
3 Applying the National Decision Model
3.1 Assessment
3.1.1 Warning signs for physical violence
3.2 Identify options and contingencies
3.2.1 The prone position and positional asphyxia
3.2.2 Principal risk factors that can contribute to death during restraint
3.3 Powers and policy
3.3.1 Use of force
3.3.2 Mental capacity
3.4 Action
3.4.1 Recording use of force
3.4.2 Restraint after arrival in the custody suite
3.5 Review
3.5.1 Injury or other effects caused by restraint
3.5.2 Monitoring in custody
4 Cell relocation
4.1 Supervising cell relocation
4.2 Pre-planned cell relocation
5 Use of Taser
5.1 Medical assessment
5.1.1 Monitoring after Taser discharge
6 Searches
6.1 Documenting decisions
6.2 Conduct of searches
6.3 Property removal and storage
6.4 Withholding articles
6.5 Replacement clothing
7 Search of a police vehicle
8 Cell searches
8.1 Defective cell

Detainee care

1 Management and supervision
1.1 Supervision by an inspector
1.2 Maintaining custody records
1.3 Handover procedures
1.3.1 Multiple custody officers on duty
1.3.2 Use of whiteboards and wipe boards
2 Monitoring, observing and engaging
2.1 Observation
2.1.1 Levels of observation
2.1.2 Checking of visits and rousing
2.1.3 Written record
2.2 Signs indicating increased risk
2.3 Medication
2.3.1 Managing medication
2.3.2 Quantities of medication
2.3.3 Detainees retaining medication
2.3.4 Unused medication
2.3.5 Responsibility for medication in custody
2.4 Medical documentation
2.4.1 Detained person medical form
2.4.2 Examination and assessment
2.4.3 Detained person medication form
2.5 Medical emergencies
2.5.1 Appropriate care
2.5.2 Case notes
2.5.3 Supervision and security in hospitals
2.5.4 Police supervision
3 Cell checks
3.1 Misuse of the cell call system
3.2 Rousing
3.2.1 Checklist: rousing procedure
3.3 Dirty protests
3.4 Using technology
4 Out of cell
4.1 Exercise
4.1.1 Reading materials
4.1.2 Visits to detainees
4.2 Interview
4.2.1 Detainee complaints
4.2.2 Increased risk of self-harm post-interview
4.3 Detainee risk assessment while outside custody
5 Welfare and safety
5.1 Clothing
5.2 Bedding
5.3 Toilet and sanitary facilities
5.4 Food and drink
5.4.1 Food provided by external sources
5.5 Choking
5.6 Cutlery and crockery
5.7 Smoking
5.8 E-cigarettes (vaping)
6 Diversion and referral
6.1 Triggers for referral
6.2 Benefits of diversion
6.2.1 Care pathways out of custody
6.2.2 Use of templates

Alcohol and drugs

1 Alcohol
2 Drunk and incapable
3 Under the influence of drugs or alcohol
3.1 Initial care (custody officers and staff)
4 Having consumed alcohol but not (or no longer) under the influence
5 Additional risks associated with alcohol
6 Additional risks associated with drugs
6.1 Swallowed or packed drugs packages
6.1.1 Procedure
6.1.2 Policy
7 Rousing and consciousness (alcohol and drugs)
7.1 Sudden collapse
8 Rehabilitative diversion

Equality and individual needs

1 Risk factors
2 Female detainees
2.1 Further reading
2.2 Access to female staff
2.3 Domestic violence and abuse
3 Detainees with caring responsibilities
3.1 Formal and informal caring relationships
3.2 Multiple phone calls
3.3 Calls to custody from family members or dependents
3.4 Information from family members or dependents
3.5 Offences that involve other family members or dependents
4 Disabled detainees
4.1 Assistance dogs in custody
4.2 Specialist support in custody
5 Religious and cultural needs
5.1 Additional provisions in custody
6 Foreign national detainees
6.1 Rights and entitlements for foreign detainees
6.1.1 Circumstances where notification is not appropriate
6.1.2 Essential written documents
6.2 Human trafficking, extortion and smuggling
6.2.1 Clandestine entry and UKVI detainees
7 Transvestite and transsexual detainees
7.1 Strip searches
7.2 Respect and consideration
7.3 Gender Recognition Act 2004

Children and young persons

1 Children and young persons
2 Arrest and detention of children and young persons
3 Assessing vulnerability and risk
3.1 Factors which increase risks to the safety and wellbeing of children and young persons
3.2 Risk to others
3.3 Rights of children and young persons in police custody
4 Detention rooms and cells
5 Intimate and strip searches of children and young persons
5.1 Intimate search (physical examination of a person’s body orifices other than the mouth)
5.2 Strip search (search involving the removal of more than outer clothing)
6 Sharing information and duty to cooperate
6.1 Responsibilities of the police
6.2 Youth offending teams
6.3 Local Safeguarding Children Boards
7 Girls
7.1 Under the care of a woman
8 Transporting children and young people
9 Appropriate adults
9.1 When should an appropriate adult be contacted?
9.2 Providing appropriate adult support for children and young people with mental ill health or learning disabilities
9.3 Who can be an appropriate adult?
9.4 Points to consider when appointing an appropriate adult
9.5 Alternative arrangements when a parent or guardian cannot act as the appropriate adult
10 PACE transfers

Mental ill health and learning disabilities

1 Vulnerability assessment
2 Definitions
2.1 Mental ill health
2.2 Mentally vulnerable
2.3 Learning disabilities or difficulties
2.4 Varying degrees of learning disability
3 Mental Health Act detainees
3.1 A place of safety
3.1.1 Issues to be considered
3.1.2 Use of force, restraint and handcuffing
3.2 Assessment
3.3 Post-assessment of the individual
3.3.1 Transfer
3.3.2 Requests from external agencies
4 Police custody
4.1 Communicating with people with mental ill health, vulnerability or learning disabilities
4.2 Risk assessment of people with mental ill health, vulnerability or learning disabilities
5 Approved mental health professionals
6 Interview and appropriate adults
6.1 Role of an appropriate adult
7 Custody exit and aftercare strategies
7.1 Types of community-based treatment, care and support
7.2 Home Office circular 66/90 Provision for Mentally Disordered Offenders

Deaths in custody

1 Deaths in custody and successful interventions/adverse incidents
2 Steps that should be taken
3 Investigating a death or serious injury in custody
3.1 Article 2 ECHR and investigating a death in custody
3.2 Statutory duty to refer to the IPCC
3.3 Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007
3.3.1 Duty of care
3.4 Duty of care to officers and staff
4 Securing evidence
4.1 Initial accounts
4.2 Officer responsibility
4.3 Detailed accounts
4.4 Effects of witnessing a traumatic incident
5 Learning the lessons

Buildings and facilities

1 Design and maintenance of a custody suite
1.1 Ensuring cells are fit for occupation
1.2 Cells
1.3 Hatches
1.4 Doors
1.5 Booking-in area
1.6 The exercise yard
1.7 Cell call systems
1.8 Entry to the custody suite
1.9 Holding areas
1.10 Separation
1.11 Cell corridors
1.12 Alarm systems
2 Health and safety
2.1 Definition of hazard
2.2 Ligature points
2.2.1 Examples of ligature points
2.2.2 Identifying a ligature point
2.3 First-aid equipment
2.4 Suicide intervention pack
2.5 Cleaning
3 Custody suites at non-designated stations
4 Inspection and maintenance regime

CCTV

1 Legal compliance
1.1 Retaining images
2 Planning
2.1 Potential areas for CCTV
2.2 Access to images
2.3 Detainee privacy
2.4 Pixelation
2.5 Retrieval and storage
2.6 Extracting images
2.7 CCTV signs
2.7.1 Information to be included in the sign
3 Responsibility for the CCTV system
4 Use and monitoring of CCTV
4.1 Continual CCTV cell monitoring
4.2 Wellbeing checks
4.3 Cells equipped with CCTV
4.4 The custody record
4.5 Disclosure – Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996
4.6 Independent custody visitors
4.6.1 Recommendations regarding independent custody visitors
5 Audio recording