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Children and young persons

Detention and custody

Children and young persons Children and young people are a protected group with specific vulnerabilities. Their treatment in detention is governed not only by domestic legislation but also by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) which the UK has signed and ratified. The UNCRC defines a child as a human being below the age of 18, unless the relevant laws recognise an earlier age of majority.Concordat on children in custody PACE

Investigative interviewing


Investigation is a core duty of policing. Interviewing victims, witnesses and suspects is central to the success of an investigation and the highest standards need to be upheld.Interviewing is complex. It requires learning and practice to ensure that high standards are achieved and maintained.This is when an interviewee is influenced by what they believe the interviewer wants or expects them to say. People vary in the degree to which they are…

Further investigation

Major investigation and public protection

When an allegation of child abuse comes to the attention of the police, the presumption should always be to investigate. Where the police and children’s social care decide in a strategy discussion that it is in the best interests of the child to carry out a criminal investigation, the police are responsible for carrying out that investigation. For information on specialist training for child abuse investigations, see training and…

Risk and associated investigations

Major investigation and public protection

Missing children or families Child abuse – this includes any history of contact between children’s social care and the suspect relating to allegations of offending, and also when there are children connected to the suspect who are, or have been, the subject of a child protection plan.Domestic abuse – in households where domestic abuse takes place, there is a risk of harm to children through direct abuse, and by their witnessing the abuse of…

Police response to concern for a child

Major investigation and public protection

…The police have a duty to safeguard and protect children. Concerns for the safety of officers attending an incident should not prevent them being deployed to protect a child.NSPCC factsheet (2013) Child abuse reporting requirements for professionals…

Responding to child sexual exploitation

Major investigation and public protection

This guidance has been written following a series of high-profile cases (Operation Span, Operation Retriever and Operation Bullfinch) in 2012/13 which highlighted the need for a consistent approach to identifying risks and safeguarding children and young people from sexual exploitation. It is designed to raise awareness of child sexual exploitation (CSE) matters, increase reporting, disrupt offender activity and increase safeguarding measures…

First response

Major investigation and public protection

…child protection register (in Wales) or local authority children’s services information on children subject to a child protection plan (in England)…

Managing complex child abuse investigations

Major investigation and public protection

…dynamic risk assessment of the suspect’s current access to children securing and retaining documents (eg, from children’s social care, institutions)…

Victim safety and support

Major investigation and public protection

…See part B of chapter 3 of the Victims’ Code for police duties relating to children and young people who are victims…

Staffing and the child abuse investigation unit

Major investigation and public protection

These teams should be kept informed about child abuse and safeguarding children issues in their particular geographic area, as applicable to their roles. This is particularly important when neighbourhood policing teams can assist in the risk management of individual offenders (eg, by enforcing civil orders or by conducting unannounced curfew checks or police watch activities). Team members can be key sources of information about concerns for…