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Modules:Major investigation and public protection
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Major incident room standardised administrative procedures (MIRSAP)

Major investigation and public protection

What is MIRSAP? The major incident room standardised administrative procedures (MIRSAP) were introduced alongside the Home Office large major enquiry system (HOLMES), following the 1981 publication of the Byford report into the Yorkshire Ripper investigation. The report highlighted that the single most important lesson from this investigation was the need for standardisation of procedures in […]

Responding to hate

Major investigation and public protection

Police officers and staff should respond positively to allegations, signs and perceptions of hostility and hate. Chief officers should ensure that their force has a clear policy that sets out a standard for the priority response to, and investigation of hate crime and non-crime hate incidents ensuring the response is proportionate. Supervisors and managers should […]

Specific investigations

Major investigation and public protection

This section provides additional information to aid the investigation based on the vulnerability of the individual and the circumstances in which they are missing. Missing children Safeguarding young and vulnerable people is a responsibility of the police service and partner agencies (see Children Act 2004). When the police are notified that a child is missing, […]

Missing person investigations

Major investigation and public protection

Where an adult or child is categorised as ‘missing’, an investigation must be initiated that is appropriate to the level of risk. The investigative process All reports of missing people sit within a continuum of risk from ‘no apparent risk (absent)’ through to high risk cases that require immediate, intensive action. The following minimum actions […]

Adults at risk

Major investigation and public protection

Policing has a crucial role to play in the identification, support and safeguarding of adults who are at risk of harm. Perpetrators will target those with specific vulnerabilities, eg, mental ill health, substance misuse, isolation, to commit or assist in the commission of their crimes, as they know they will be easier to groom, manipulate […]

Understanding risk and vulnerability in the context of domestic abuse

Major investigation and public protection

Risk identification and assessment Approaches to risk assessment For general information on risk, see APP on risk. Risk assessment is the process of estimating and regularly reviewing the likelihood and nature of a risk posed by a perpetrator to a particular victim, children or others. Professionals working with domestic abuse victims, eg, independent domestic violence advisors […]

Stalking or harassment

Major investigation and public protection

The police service receives many calls relating to stalking or harassment, cases are diverse, some can be complex to deal with and there are some where the perpetrators pose a real threat of harm to victims. There is a need to develop a proportionate response, focussing resources on those cases that require them. It is […]

Context and dynamics of domestic abuse

Major investigation and public protection

Domestic abuse definitions The cross-government definition of domestic violence and abuse is: … any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The abuse can encompass, but is not […]

Investigative development

Major investigation and public protection

When investigating incidents of domestic abuse, officers should not only be searching for evidence to support a criminal prosecution but also looking for signs that abuse may be occurring, even where the conduct may not amount to a crime. The incident being investigated may be the latest in a series and indicate an increase in […]

Risk and associated investigations

Major investigation and public protection

Whenever the police have concern for a child, and at every stage of their involvement with that child, decisions are made which involve identifying, assessing and managing risk. Concerns for a child can arise from circumstances not explicitly reported as child abuse, and from reports relating to other matters (eg, burglary). Risk Circumstances of the […]